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นวัตกรรมกับขีดความสามารถในการแข่งขันของประเทศ

  1. Capacity for innovation  
    (In your country, to what extent do companies have the capacity to innovate? [1 = not at all; 7 = to a great extent] | 2016–17 weighted average. Source: World Economic Forum, Executive Opinion Survey. For more details, refer to Appendix C of this Report)
  2. Quality of scientific research institutions  
    (In your country, how do you assess the quality of scientific research institutions? [1 = extremely poor—among the worst in the world; 7 = extremely good—among the best in the world] | 2016–17 weighted average. Source: World Economic Forum, Executive Opinion Survey. For more details, refer to Appendix C of this Report)
  3. Company spending on R&D  
    (In your country, to what extent do companies invest in research and development (R&D)? [1 = do not invest at all in R&D; 7 = invest heavily in R&D] | 2016–17 weighted average, Source: World Economic Forum, Executive Opinion Survey. For more details, refer to Appendix C of this Report)
  4. University-industry collaboration in R&D  
    (In your country, to what extent do business and universities collaborate on research and development (R&D)? [1 = do not collaborate at all; 7 = collaborate extensively] | 2016–17 weighted average. Source: World Economic Forum, Executive Opinion Survey. For more details, refer to Appendix C of this Report)
  5. Government procurement of advanced technology products  
    (In your country, to what extent do government purchasing decisions foster innovation? [1 = not at all; 7 = to a great extent] | 2016–17 weighted average, Source: World Economic Forum, Executive Opinion Survey. For more details, refer to Appendix C of this Report)
  6. Availability of scientists and engineers  
    (In your country, to what extent are scientists and engineers available? [1 = not available at all; 7 = widely available] | 2016–17 weighted average, Source: World Economic Forum, Executive Opinion Survey. For more details, refer to Appendix C of this Report)
  7. PCT patent applications  
    (Number of applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) per million population | 2013–2014 average This indicator measures the total count of applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), by priority date and inventor nationality, using fractional count if an application is filed by multiple inventors. The average count of applications filed in 2013 and 2014 is divided by population figures for 2014. For more details about the treatment of Hong Kong SAR and Taiwan (China), refer to the imputation methodology described at the beginning of this section. For this indicator, some values were imputed. See Table 1 at the end of this appendix for details. Sources: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Patent Database, (situation as of July 2017). For population data: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (April 2017 edition); World Economic Forum’s calculations.)

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